Industrial production lines can no longer be imagined without robots supporting the human in processing and assembly or robots used in logistics. Modern collaborative robots also facilitate the cooperation between humans and robots significantly. The research at the institute aims to improve communication between robots and humans in their work environment using Augmented Reality (AR). These approaches are demonstrated using a combination of Microsoft Hololens and a collaborative FANUC robot (CR-7iA/L). The goal is to augment the view of an operator or programmer with additional information to simplify the programming process. The first approach is to support the programmer with a standardized framework to make it easier to generate such AR programs. The second approach focuses on programming industrial robots entirely within an AR environment using hand gestures.